Nashik is a city in Maharashtra, India. Nashik is located in the northwest of Maharashtra, 180 km from Mumbai and 202 km from Pune. Nashik is the administrative headquarters of Nashik District and Nashik Division. Nashik, which has been referred to as the “Wine Capital of India”, is located in the Western Ghats, on the western edge of the Deccan peninsula on the banks of the Godavari.
In addition to supplying the name to the famed Nassak Diamond, the city is known for its picturesque surroundings and pleasant climate. The Godavari River flows through Nashik from its source, which lies to the southwest of the city, in Trimbakeshwar . Nashik Urban Agglomeration (Nashik UA) has a (projected year 2008) population of 1,620,000 and a total area of 264.23 km² which makes it the fourth largest urban area in Maharashtra in terms of population. Nashik is the third most industrialized city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune.
Nashik is one of the world’s holiest Hindu cities. Kumbmela is held here once in 12 years along with four other cities in India. Lord Rama along with Lakshmana and Sita spent 14 years of his exile at Tapovan near Nashik. The city came under the rule of Mughal in 16th century and was renamed Gulshanabad. It is also noted for its participation in freedom struggle. Freedom fighters like Veer Savarkar and Anant Kanhere were born in Nashik.
Known for it’s beautiful and picturesque surroundings, flourishing valleys,Nashik is home to many vineyards and orchards. Today, Nashik is rate as one of India’s fastest growing cities. The city saw a fast uplift of development from 2002 with malls, new urban areas, infraustructure, educational institutions etc. Nashik is known for its pleasant and cool climate, picturesque surroundings, high standard of living, greenery and well-developed infraustructure
The older quarters of the city are peculiar to many similar cities of Maharashtra such as Pune, Satara and Kolhapur. It is characterized by the wadas (a housing typology, wada would mean a courtyard house), narrow, shaded, winding streets, peculiar projections onto the street, streets swelling into a chowk (public courtyard) and the vibrant and active bazaar (market) streets leading towards the river (in many cases). Streets are identified by the goods they sell and still attract large number of buyers from the city and more so from adjoining towns and villages.
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Nashik has been on the tourist map of India especially Hindu religious tourism because of the legend that Lord Rama lived here during his exile. Gangapur Road, College Road and Trimbak Road form the lifelines of the suburbs. For many, Nashik is just a pit-stop en route to Shirdi or Trimbakeshwar. If one decides to stop and look around the city and its outskirts, there’s plenty to see. The Gangapur Dam is a beautiful site. The Dudhsagar Fall near the village of Gangapur is worth a look in the rains. A few kilometers away from Gangapur village is a Stone Age site. On the road to Trimbakeshwar is the state’s only Museum of Numismatics. Anjaneri Parvat near Trimbakeshwar is well known for waterfalls during monsoon season. Pandavleni Caves, the 4th Century BC caves of Buddhist origin, a Bird Sanctuary “Nandur-Madhyameshwar” popularly know as “Bharatpur of Maharashtra”, which was started in 1950s, is a little ways from the city and is a mesmerizing place for nature and bird.
Nashik today is one of the fastest growing cities of India and has even been identified as a tier-2 metro. The city’s economy is driven chiefly by the engineering and manufacturing industry (which has been around since the seventies) as well as the progressive agriculture in area surrounding the city. Auto majors such as Mahindra & Mahindra, BOSCH and Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) such as VIP, Samsonite, CEAT etc. have their plants here and have spawned a huge network of auto component suppliers and engineering ancillary services. It is also a pharmaceutical hub with presence GlaxoSmithKline and Fem. In recent years, Nasik has also carved a niche for itself as India’s “Napa Valley” and locally established wine brands such as “Sula” and “Zampa” have attained international acclaim.
Modern efforts are on to promote the growth of an export-oriented rose farming and wine industry in the district. It is home to an important thermal power plant (Eklahare) and a National Treasury Printing Press (India Security Press at Nashik Road). There are five “Industrial Zones” in the Nashik area and its outskirts (Satpur, Ambad, Sinnar, Igatpuri and Dindori). Nashik has a number of sugar mills. It is also chief exporter of white onions and pomegranates.
The HAL plant is an aircraft manufacturing plant located 10 miles (16 km) from Nashik employing about 7000 people. Manufacturers who have set up plants in the Nashik MIDC area include: Bosch India – previously MICO Bosch, Mahindra and Mahindra, CEAT, Thyssen Krupp, Samsonite, Atlas Copco, Crompton Greaves, ABB, GlaxoSmithKline, L&T, Schneider Electric, Jindal Steel, Kirloskar, IBP, Coca Cola, Siemens and [[Matrix Laboratories Ltd.}],Visteon Automotive System India, Warehouse.
Recently the government decided to prepare IT parks in the city of Nashik. The V-Tech park is one of the largest IT parks of Maharashtra. Nashik is also emerging as a BPO/IT destination and is in list of the selected Tier II cities for BPO/IT companies; companies like Datamatics, WNS, Winjit Technologies , I-Tech System, Nasik Online, ESDS Datacenter, Netwin and gloStream , which develops electronic medical record software and practice management solutions, have a presence in Nashik. Legrand at Sinner.
The India Security Press – The India Security Press (the National Treasury Press) was the biggest employer in Nashik for many decades until the late eighties when a service-based economy started to thrive. The existence of the India Security Press is very beneficial to Nashik citizens. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited is located in Ojhar Township about 20 km from the city, where it is designs, manufactures and overhauls a variety of aviation products from basic trainers to highly sophisticated supersonic fighters, helicopters, transport aircraft, engines, accessories and systems.
Nashik is famous for grapes, onions, and tomatoes. Nashik was famous for its table grapes for a very long time. In early 1925, the Table Grape revolution was started in Ojhar, a small town near Nashik, by Shree Raosaheb Jairam Krishnaji Gaikwad, the “Father of Indian Grapes.” Today, table grapes are being exported to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.